The Indian Constitution, adopted on January 26th, 1950, is the supreme law of India and lays out the framework for the country’s governance. It establishes the principles and values upon which the nation is built and defines the rights and duties of its citizens.
The Constitution of India is considered one of the most important documents as it translates the citizens’ hopes and dreams and acts as a guide for the government to work toward the welfare of the people.
As we celebrate the 7th Republic Day, let’s take a closer look at this vital document and understand its significance and relevance in shaping India’s past, present, and future.
- 26th January is celebrated as Republic Day to commemorate the enactment of the Indian Constitution. India became a democratic republic on this day in 1950.
- Indian Constitution is the longest-written Constitution in the world. It has 25 parts containing 449 articles and 12 schedules.
- It took two years, 11 months, and 17 days to draft the official Constitution that has been in force ever since.
- Dr BR Ambedkar led the drafting committee carrying out this momentous task. Prem Behari Narain Raizada was the calligrapher of the Indian Constitution.
- The final draft of the Constitution of India was officially accepted on 26th November 1949.
- The Constitution of India came into force and the nation celebrated its first Republic Day on 26th January 1950.
- The Indian Constitution is a living document as it responds to emerging circumstances and situations. As of 2022, there have been 105 amendments to the Constitution.
- The Preamble is the introductory statement in our Constitution that presents the nation’s core values, ideals, ethos, and philosophy. In its 1995 verdict (Union Government vs LIC), Supreme Court declared the Preamble to be an integral part of the Indian Constitution.
Did you know?
Leaders of the Indian National Congress made a declaration of Purna Swaraj (complete self-rule) at its Lahore session in 1929. They urged the entire nation to observe 26th January 1930 as ‘Independence Day’.
To commemorate this historical event, 26th January was chosen to enact the Indian Constitution, which the Constituent Assembly adopted on 26th November, 1949.