What Conditions These Include? Get Clear Information
With a lot going on in the present Indian politics scenario, considering the Citizenship bill and what it entails and brings in changes than the earlier rules, many people are scouting to look for answers and know what CAB and NRC actually stands for, what they define and how it impacts the Indian landscape.
For all those people who brush up their knowledge and get detailed information about these parameters, read on:
CAB (Citizenship Amendment Bill) 2019
CAB stands for Citizenship Amendment Bill that was passed in December 2019 in the Indian Parliament, and it proposes to grant Indian Citizenship to people belonging to religious minorities from the neighbouring three countries – Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan; who have fled these countries out of fear, religious persecution or seeking asylum or refuge for any other such reason.
What CAB Entails?
The bill proposes that people belonging to six non-Muslim communities, including Hindu, Christian, Jainism, Sikh, Parsi and Buddhism will be eligible for Indian citizenship if they have entered India on or before 31 December, 2014.
How the New Bill is Different from the Earlier Criteria?
Earlier the rules formulated that one has to live in India for 11 years before they become eligible for Indian Citizenship. Now the term has been reduced to 6 years.
Is the CAB 2019 Passed?
The bill was passed by the Indian Parliament on 31 December, 2019, and on next day became a law after President Ram Nath Kovind gave his assent.
What Affects does CAB Bring?
Under the new norms, this bill paves way for lakhs of immigrants to get Indian citizenship who belong to any of these 6 religious’ communities. An important factor to note is that any person who doesn’t even have their residency documents is eligible to apply for citizenship, but if one doesn’t belong to these religious communities won’t be eligible for citizenship.
What Terms Stands for Illegal Migrants in India?
The Foreigners Act, 1946 and the Passport Act, 1920 implies that illegal migrants would be imprisoned or departed, and the government has the power to check entry, exit and residence of foreigners in India.
Now, alongside the CAP, NRC implementation has also been in the news and the Home Ministry is looking to implement it across India.
What is NRC?
NRC stands for National Register of Citizens, which implies to bring in steps to eliminate illegal immigrants from India. At present, this process had been implemented across Assam, and now the Home Ministry, as stated in Parliament in November, is going to implement it throughout India.
NRC states that that any person who can prove that they or their ancestors were a resident in India on or before 24 March, 1971 are Indian citizens. The initial aim of the NRC was to remove illegal Bangladesh, especially from Assam at the time when Bangladesh was created post the India-Pakistan war in 1971.
Hope, now you have clear information about how what CAB and NRC are and what they mean to the Indian political and social landscape.
Note:- Both CAB (Citizenship Amendment Bill) and CAA (Citizenship Amendment Act) are same and implies to the same bill/act passed by the Indian Parliament recently.